Unlike the Cháteaux or property owners of Bordeaux holding the status, in Burgundy, it is the vineyards which hold the status. Grand Cru wines must represent a single vineyard site and hold the highest status, as well as, command the highest prices. Premier Crus (1er Cru) are vineyards singled out because of their potential to produce high quality wines. They are held to incredibly strict standards. Because there may be several wineries owning parcels of a particular vineyard, you can find Premier Cru or Grand Cru wine of a particular vineyard from several different producers. It is considered a monopole when one producer owns the entire vineyard. The rest of Burgundy's hierarchy is Village Level, where the name of the village may be placed on the label and Bourgogne.
Alsace uses the same system as Burgundy. Beaujolais, which is technically part of Burgundy, actually applies the cru system to entire villages. There are 10 Cru Villages. Champagne also uses the villages method and this is used for the farmers to set their prices.